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Oakhurst House & Shining Cliff Woods

Located just above the village of Ambergate in the Derbyshire remains the skeletal remains of Oakhurst House. Constructed in 1848 by Francis Hurt; a industrialist who owned the wire works located below. The House and most of the former wireworks have now fallen into disrepair, leaving behind the hollow shell of its former self.


Surrounding the hall we find Shining Cliff Woods, a place riddled with old lead mining shafts that have been reclaimed by the forest. A Truly beautiful surreal place, with an amazing natural pool. GA

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Rome’s Gone! Lights Out

Going back to a topic I’ve blogged about before seen here

https://wordpress.com/post/gingerarchaeology.wordpress.com/14

what happened after the Romans “left” did Britain just stop as we entered the dark ages as were taught? where king author pranced around Britain; convenatly visiting every modern day tourist attraction in the UK, and saved the day.

Or do we find that the impact was a lot less severe and actually links in with the conquest less 400 years earlier, were we saw a number of British tribes welcome and work with the Roman invaders, being “Romanised”  both before, during and after the conquest.

The ending of Roman Britain is traditionally ascribed to AD 410 – when, Rome withdrew her under the command of the Constantine III, due to the slowly colapsion empire and the eventual sacking of the “eternal city” Rome by the Goths.

The illusive date of 410 is provided by the text of an imperial edict of Honorius recorded by the late 5th century Greek writer Zosimus, which orders a number of places to defend themselves. One of these is ‘Brettia’, generally taken to be Britain, but as the other places in the list are towns in Italy, it seems much more likely that the name is a textual error which should be emended to Bruttium, a town in southern Italy. So the famous text telling “Britain to defend itself” might actually be false.

Never the less life still went on after the Romans withdrew from Britain, with life for many carrying on as norm, The Major issue was the lack of imported coinage that lead to a economic collapse around the 5 – 6th AD aka “The Dark Ages”.

However I feel the Dark ages weren’t so bleak, For the whole concept of Rome Pulls out means a complete stop to the roman way of life and virtues I feel is wrong. Being a part of the empire in a way is like some sort of business franchise, you imprint your ideas and ideals on the; in this case, local populous who then are Romanised and so were still Romanised heading into the 5 and even 6 century.

The Dark ages link to the whole idea that nothing much was recoded down except a lot of bleak and gloomy issues, however as stated above maybe it wasn’t so “Dark” maybe more mellow! Ideas? GA

 

 

 

Forgotten Past Project – location Update 1

In my first update I am going to discuss the location of this project.

It is Based in North Lincolnshire, looking at a area between Skegness and Alford; as seen in my first image. This is currently the general area of observation and investigation and will probably change whilst I delve deeper into my investigation.

My second images focuses on currently 3 very important sites that I have identified and believe; at this point anyway. Will form the main areas of the publication.

 

So what is it?

Forgotten Past Project will focus on Prehistoric to Iron age occupation.

Being a local I have researched the area for the past 5 years and now believe that it hold very important significance to Lincolnshire. Not much has been done in the way of research and publication on the sites I have identified; With some none at all.

 

This is a very quick update and I hope to do a more thorough one on Friday/Monday.  If you would like to help/contribute in anyway please feel free to email me, Would be great if anyone had any information on the area as well! GA

 

Quest For Knowledge Or The Quest For Others?

Archaeology is about the study of the past through physical remains. However what do we do with this knowledge? Do we keep it to ourselves?, get a degree in a specific field like Egyptology? or do we share it with the community’s who are part of the long journey that we are uncovering?

We see Towns and villages dotted around South America whose ancestors were part of the great civilizations that once stood there. Many of them have little knowledge about where the techniques, beliefs and culture they practice today originate from.

This is especially true in Mayan bloodlines/community’s who know little of the civilization that their ancestors were apart off.

This is why my personal feelings are that knowledge should be shared to better understand the past and teach others about it. Not to keep it to oneself or write a few books. but do open lectures, talk to community’s and get them involved. Create a more accessible and open way to pass knowledge and current understanding through.

Thoughts? GA

Lost Technology’s of Ancient Civilization’s Part 1

This Blog Series will look at what we know about ancient technology’s that predate out own creation of these technology’s, helping to build up a picture before we go onto Part 2 which will look at the myths and legends of Atlantic and other lost cities and civilizations. I would like to say before I start that Graham Hancock has a great number of books and writings as well as a number of TV series looking at this subject so I would defiantly check out his work, well worth a read!

https://grahamhancock.com/

There is a great arrogance in a lot of the history community over the idea of more “Technologically advanced civilizations” than our own. However I feel that history has to be looked at with an open mind and there is no place for arrogance when looking at it. It’s such a dynamic and evolving part of our society that affects us more than some people think.

Cone
My Cone Model. Showing how were suppose to believe technological advancement has happened! Starting from the dawn of man

The fear caused by the idea that former civilizations could be more technologically advanced is seen clearly as some historians refuse to believe that Humanity wasn’t capable until the last few hundred years to develop these technology’s and never a few thousand year’s ago. Its best described as some sort of cone model.

The idea behind this is that in the last 200 years we have learned and expanded technologically at such a fast rate. Much higher than our ancient counterparts and so should look down on these lesser technologically advanced ancestors.

However I don’t believe this. If we have made so much of an advancement in the last 200 yeas then why wasn’t there a number of periods where we made an equally high leap in technological advance. We have at the moment 200,000 years of Human activity; a time frame that is still growing.  what’s not to say that he legends of Atlantic and pre ice age civilizations were equally as technologically advanced as we are.

Cone model 2
My idea of Human advancement. We see large technological advancements within a society but then these are lost once they collapse. e.g. Roman Concrete

With this in mind I created how I personally feel that we might have evolved. This diagram could have been drawn in a number of ways. However I’m trying to portray “Technological advancement spikes” as I’ll call them, where technology was at an all time high.

Of course this doesn’t apply to all of the ancient and unknown civilizations however a few worth mentions are the Indus valley Civilization, Mayans, Egyptians, Ancient who made extensive leaps with science and the cosmos.

Below is a number of different artefact and site found that fi in with this theory.


Nimrud lens and Antikythera Mechanism

Nimrud lens and the famous Antikythera Mechanism. The 3,000 year old Nimrud lens was discovered at the palace of Nimrud, in Iraq. Some experts believe the lens was part of an ancient telescope the Babylonians used, hence their advanced knowledge of astronomy.

The famous Antikythera Mechanism (200 BC.) was created to calculate the movements of the sun, moon and planets to predict celestial events.


Harappa Indus Valley

In the Indus Valley, the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were discovered. The cities were so sophisticated and well-planned, that archaeologists believe they were conceived as a whole before construction on them begun. The Harappa culture also remains an enigma. Its origins and deterioration is hidden, its dialect is unknown and the writing is completely indecipherable. At the site no differences in social class can be discerned and there are no temples or religious buildings. No other culture, including those of Egypt and Mesopotamia, has revealed the same degree of planning and development.

Here is also mention Rama empire and its mysterious city destroyed by an atomic blast.


Puma Punku

Puma Punku is one of four structural arrangements in the ancient Pre-Inca city of Tiwanaku in South America. The age of the megalithic ruins is extremely controversial as they have been prodded, excavated, and looted since they were discovered and as such, experts say they have been contaminated in every way possible. The consensus is that they are older than the pyramids, with claims of up to 15, 000 years.Apparently even the Incas didn’t know its history, maybe pointing towards ancient pre history and pre ice age civilizations. The massive stones used in the construction bear no chisel marks and were finely cut to interlock with the others. A lot of the stones were cut so precisely that the builders clearly had an extremely sophisticated knowledge of stone-cutting, engineering and geometry. The city also had a functioning irrigation system, waterproof sewage lines and hydraulic mechanisms. With no record of its inhabitants or their methods, the technologies and processes used during its construction remains an enigma to experts.


Hero’s Steam Engine.

Hero, also called Heron, was an inventor, scientist and engineer who lived in Alexandria and taught at the legendary library there in the first century CE. He published several books of engineering principles and inventions. In Pneumatica, he described dozens of devices, including the aeolipile, or “Hero’s Engine.” A water-filled metal ball with opposing bent tubes would spin under the force of steam ejected under pressure when heated. Although more a proof-of-concept than a useful tool (replicas were popular in the 16th and 17th centuries), some of Hero’s other inventions made use of the steam engine’s principles to raise and lower stage curtains. His ideas using automated statues could be considered the earliest work in robotics.


Ancient Airplanes of Egypt and South America.

In South America, the idea is based on jewelry produced by the Chimú culture that existed in what is now Colombia about 2,000 years ago. Some of the small pendants and ornaments appear to depict human-made aircraft, including delta wing shapes, tail fins and even a cockpit. Amazing! However, considering that all the jewelry produced by the Chimú takes the form of stylized birds and insects, Occam’s Razor suggests that the ornament maker happened to carve a bird shape that looks sort of like an airplane to a modern human.

The Egyptian airplane is a similar case. A wooden falcon found in Saqqara was later reported by Egyptian doctor Khalil Messiha to have exceptional flight properties. Messiha’s claims were inflated and distorted over the years until the wooden toy was held as an example of perfect aerodynamic form, inexplicable for such an ancient culture. Digging a little deeper, however, reveals that the bird carving closely resembles wind vanes mounted on the masts of Egyptian riverboats, and that the design in fact violates many aerodynamic principles. Messiha’s original claim that it could “sail in the air for a few yards when thrown by hand” is likely true.


The Baghdad Battery.

Found in the 1930s in Iraq. Each battery consists of a 5-inch clay jar. Inside is a copper tube wrapped around an iron rod. Acidic residue was found at the bottom of the pot, and an asphalt stopper sealed the top.

They worked in much the same way as modern batteries. An acidic liquid placed at the bottom would transfer electrons from one metal to another, creating voltage at the “terminal” poking through the asphalt plug. Numerous replicas have been built and tested, using lemon juice, vinegar or grape juice as the electrolytic fluid.


Alignment of the pyramids

The three pyramids of Giza are a perfect reproduction of the 3 stars of Orion’s belt: Like the pyramids, the three stars of Orion are not perfectly aligned, the smallest of them is slightly offset to the East. We still don’t fully know how the pyramids were built. However the precision of the alignment is astonishing.

It was impossible to get this precision again till the 2000’s but this was 2500 BC


Megaliths

Huge stone circles that much like the pyramids we aren’t sure how they were built. However the alignment of these ancient majestic and mysterious sites still baffles historians to this date.


Hope you found this interesting! please leave a comment and a like if you did so I can know! and follow me for more. GA


Ref

http://listverse.com/2013/04/12/10-mysteries-that-hint-at-forgotten-advanced-civilizations/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/2804257.stm

https://grahamhancock.com/


Nimrud lens
Nimrud lens
antikythera-mechanism
Antikythera Mechanism
be_craterlonar
Indus Valley Atomic blast
Indus-Valley-Civilization
Harappa Indus Valley
puma-punku
Puma Punku
tur_img_01
Hero’s Steam Engine.
egypt-aircraft-model
Ancient Airplanes of Egypt and South America.
il_fullxfull_666055364_i2yy
The Baghdad Battery.
pyramids
Pyramids of Giza
stonehenge-circle-pink-sky
Stonehenge

Meddling Detectorists – Time Team

I do have to admit that Time Team was one of the reasons I wanted to get into archaeology with Tony plodding around the site chatting to Phil and so on and watching some of the episodes now are rather hilarious, However this episode I find interesting. It shows how these 2 Metal detectorists who don’t give a damn about our heritage and are simply in it for money gain…. This should be made illegal! Heritage and out past is being destroyed because of “detectorist” like this which sadly make up a large proportion of the Metal detectorists out there…

youtube.com/watch?v=UD4C2qBcotw

GA

The Queen of the Nile! Buried behind a door?

Just want to start of with the fact that she has been ‘found’ a few times already! But hey here it goes. University of Arizona archaeologist Nicholas Reeves might have found the long-sought tomb of Queen Nefertiti, who died in 1331 B.C.

He suggested the Egyptian pharoah’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings, may be part of a larger complex that also houses a secret and more magnificent tomb containing the remains of his mother – and her riches.

“The legendary Egyptian queen has been hiding in plain sight”, Reeves has stated, “In a large chamber behind a concealed door in the tomb of King Tutankhamun, who may or may not have been Nefertiti’s son.”

But going back to my first point this is the third alleged discovery of Nefertiti’s tomb in the last 12 years. The Most recent DNA evidence suggests that the ancient queen’s body may already be lying in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, one of a group of mummies unearthed in 1898.

Personally I feel that she isn’t in the tomb complex. Either she has already been found or her tomb is still out there lost in time. I can’t imagine Queen Nefertiti to be buried in a small chamber near her possible son, but who knows! It’s truly a mystery of the ancient world and I look forward to it unfolding. GA

image

Tips and Tricks 2: Roman Grey Ware

The identification of Roman Grey Ware! quite often mistaken for stone.

Grey Ware was the standard equivalent of a every day kitchen and storage pot so got a lot of ware and tear and is quite commonly found across Britain.

We do see some nice patters on more exquisite pots.

Pot shards can consist of all different thicknesses and also cylindrical circumference,

at the bottom I have included a picture of a large fragment of late Grey ware. Note the Lighter inside clay colour in comparison to the much darker outside. GA

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Tips and Tricks 1: Identifying Flint Tools And Weapons

My example of what to look out for on a flint tool
My example of what to look out for on a flint tool

When you see a piece of Flint ask yourself a few questions whilst styding it using the 6 points bellow. Remember that humans have been using flint and stone tools for thousands of years so they are common to be found! An identification checklist Is the flint uniformly patinated? Is there the remains of a striking platform? Is there a striking point (positive bulb of percussion)? Is the Flint in a field or area where Flint is abundant? Have the edges been retouched? Is there pressure flaking on the surface? Dont look to much at the overall shape as the tool might be broken or simply a oddly shaped tool. Also look for a pattern in the Rock of octangler shape or half Octals conjoined together. Hope this helps.

Nice example of a Flint axe
Nice example of a Flint axe
A number of Flint tools and arrow heads
A number of Flint tools and arrow heads

Leave any questions or even picture of your finds in the comments. GA

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