Rolling with the Egyptian theme, The British Museum is to stage a exhibition of Egyptian underwater archaeology specifically focus on recent discoveries at the mouth of the Nile. Something I defiantly will visit.
Finally. A Pop-up archaeology lab to open in York in the New Year.
“Local residents and visitors will be able to see archaeologists’ high tech methods of recording and interpreting sites, and analysing objects in detail, such as laser scanning, digital 3D modelling and microscopes.
Its Great to hear about these public engagement events hopefully pushing the importance of our heritage to a wider audience. GA
This Blog Series will look at what we know about ancient technology’s that predate out own creation of these technology’s, helping to build up a picture before we go onto Part 2 which will look at the myths and legends of Atlantic and other lost cities and civilizations. I would like to say before I start that Graham Hancock has a great number of books and writings as well as a number of TV series looking at this subject so I would defiantly check out his work, well worth a read!
There is a great arrogance in a lot of the history community over the idea of more “Technologically advanced civilizations” than our own. However I feel that history has to be looked at with an open mind and there is no place for arrogance when looking at it. It’s such a dynamic and evolving part of our society that affects us more than some people think.
The fear caused by the idea that former civilizations could be more technologically advanced is seen clearly as some historians refuse to believe that Humanity wasn’t capable until the last few hundred years to develop these technology’s and never a few thousand year’s ago. Its best described as some sort of cone model.
The idea behind this is that in the last 200 years we have learned and expanded technologically at such a fast rate. Much higher than our ancient counterparts and so should look down on these lesser technologically advanced ancestors.
However I don’t believe this. If we have made so much of an advancement in the last 200 yeas then why wasn’t there a number of periods where we made an equally high leap in technological advance. We have at the moment 200,000 years of Human activity; a time frame that is still growing. what’s not to say that he legends of Atlantic and pre ice age civilizations were equally as technologically advanced as we are.
With this in mind I created how I personally feel that we might have evolved. This diagram could have been drawn in a number of ways. However I’m trying to portray “Technological advancement spikes” as I’ll call them, where technology was at an all time high.
Of course this doesn’t apply to all of the ancient and unknown civilizations however a few worth mentions are the Indus valley Civilization, Mayans, Egyptians, Ancient who made extensive leaps with science and the cosmos.
Below is a number of different artefact and site found that fi in with this theory.
Nimrud lens and Antikythera Mechanism
Nimrud lens and the famous Antikythera Mechanism. The 3,000 year old Nimrud lens was discovered at the palace of Nimrud, in Iraq. Some experts believe the lens was part of an ancient telescope the Babylonians used, hence their advanced knowledge of astronomy.
The famous Antikythera Mechanism (200 BC.) was created to calculate the movements of the sun, moon and planets to predict celestial events.
Harappa Indus Valley
In the Indus Valley, the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were discovered. The cities were so sophisticated and well-planned, that archaeologists believe they were conceived as a whole before construction on them begun. The Harappa culture also remains an enigma. Its origins and deterioration is hidden, its dialect is unknown and the writing is completely indecipherable. At the site no differences in social class can be discerned and there are no temples or religious buildings. No other culture, including those of Egypt and Mesopotamia, has revealed the same degree of planning and development.
Here is also mention Rama empire and its mysterious city destroyed by an atomic blast.
Puma Punku is one of four structural arrangements in the ancient Pre-Inca city of Tiwanaku in South America. The age of the megalithic ruins is extremely controversial as they have been prodded, excavated, and looted since they were discovered and as such, experts say they have been contaminated in every way possible. The consensus is that they are older than the pyramids, with claims of up to 15, 000 years.Apparently even the Incas didn’t know its history, maybe pointing towards ancient pre history and pre ice age civilizations. The massive stones used in the construction bear no chisel marks and were finely cut to interlock with the others. A lot of the stones were cut so precisely that the builders clearly had an extremely sophisticated knowledge of stone-cutting, engineering and geometry. The city also had a functioning irrigation system, waterproof sewage lines and hydraulic mechanisms. With no record of its inhabitants or their methods, the technologies and processes used during its construction remains an enigma to experts.
Hero’s Steam Engine.
Hero, also called Heron, was an inventor, scientist and engineer who lived in Alexandria and taught at the legendary library there in the first century CE. He published several books of engineering principles and inventions. In Pneumatica, he described dozens of devices, including the aeolipile, or “Hero’s Engine.” A water-filled metal ball with opposing bent tubes would spin under the force of steam ejected under pressure when heated. Although more a proof-of-concept than a useful tool (replicas were popular in the 16th and 17th centuries), some of Hero’s other inventions made use of the steam engine’s principles to raise and lower stage curtains. His ideas using automated statues could be considered the earliest work in robotics.
Ancient Airplanes of Egypt and South America.
In South America, the idea is based on jewelry produced by the Chimú culture that existed in what is now Colombia about 2,000 years ago. Some of the small pendants and ornaments appear to depict human-made aircraft, including delta wing shapes, tail fins and even a cockpit. Amazing! However, considering that all the jewelry produced by the Chimú takes the form of stylized birds and insects, Occam’s Razor suggests that the ornament maker happened to carve a bird shape that looks sort of like an airplane to a modern human.
The Egyptian airplane is a similar case. A wooden falcon found in Saqqara was later reported by Egyptian doctor Khalil Messiha to have exceptional flight properties. Messiha’s claims were inflated and distorted over the years until the wooden toy was held as an example of perfect aerodynamic form, inexplicable for such an ancient culture. Digging a little deeper, however, reveals that the bird carving closely resembles wind vanes mounted on the masts of Egyptian riverboats, and that the design in fact violates many aerodynamic principles. Messiha’s original claim that it could “sail in the air for a few yards when thrown by hand” is likely true.
The Baghdad Battery.
Found in the 1930s in Iraq. Each battery consists of a 5-inch clay jar. Inside is a copper tube wrapped around an iron rod. Acidic residue was found at the bottom of the pot, and an asphalt stopper sealed the top.
They worked in much the same way as modern batteries. An acidic liquid placed at the bottom would transfer electrons from one metal to another, creating voltage at the “terminal” poking through the asphalt plug. Numerous replicas have been built and tested, using lemon juice, vinegar or grape juice as the electrolytic fluid.
Alignment of the pyramids
The three pyramids of Giza are a perfect reproduction of the 3 stars of Orion’s belt: Like the pyramids, the three stars of Orion are not perfectly aligned, the smallest of them is slightly offset to the East. We still don’t fully know how the pyramids were built. However the precision of the alignment is astonishing.
It was impossible to get this precision again till the 2000’s but this was 2500 BC
Huge stone circles that much like the pyramids we aren’t sure how they were built. However the alignment of these ancient majestic and mysterious sites still baffles historians to this date.
Hope you found this interesting! please leave a comment and a like if you did so I can know! and follow me for more. GA
Just want to start of with the fact that she has been ‘found’ a few times already! But hey here it goes. University of Arizona archaeologist Nicholas Reeves might have found the long-sought tomb of Queen Nefertiti, who died in 1331 B.C.
He suggested the Egyptian pharoah’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings, may be part of a larger complex that also houses a secret and more magnificent tomb containing the remains of his mother – and her riches.
“The legendary Egyptian queen has been hiding in plain sight”, Reeves has stated, “In a large chamber behind a concealed door in the tomb of King Tutankhamun, who may or may not have been Nefertiti’s son.”
But going back to my first point this is the third alleged discovery of Nefertiti’s tomb in the last 12 years. The Most recent DNA evidence suggests that the ancient queen’s body may already be lying in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, one of a group of mummies unearthed in 1898.
Personally I feel that she isn’t in the tomb complex. Either she has already been found or her tomb is still out there lost in time. I can’t imagine Queen Nefertiti to be buried in a small chamber near her possible son, but who knows! It’s truly a mystery of the ancient world and I look forward to it unfolding. GA